September 5, 2011
    Agenda Item 4
    Human Rights Situations that require the Council’s attention

    Oral Statement delivered by the International Human Rights Association of American
    Minorities (IHRAAM), an international NGO in Consultative Status (Roster)

    Has R2P become Right to Pillage?

    The NATO assault on Libya enabled by UN Resolution 1973 (2011) has clearly gone beyond its mandate of
    civilian protection originally intended by the international community.  

    Contrary to the Convention on Duties and Rights of States in the Event of Civil Strife, 1928 Art. 1, NATO has
    chosen sides and intervened in a civil war.  It is an open secret that foreign military advisers have been
    working covertly inside Libya, providing guidance to rebels and giving tactical intelligence to NATO aircraft
    bombing government forces.

    Contrary to UN Charter Chapter IV, Article 33, a negotiated settlement in Libya was deliberately avoided for
    months while NATO illegally pursued regime change.  The rebel drive to and capture of Tripoli would not have
    been possible without extensive NATO bombing.

    NATO has openly abandoned any remaining notion of “right to protect” civilians by its widespread bombing of
    Libyan cities such as Sirte into submission, contrary to Article 8(2)(b)(v) of the Statute of The International
    Criminal Court which clearly states that one criterion for indictment for war crimes is:  " Attacking or
    bombarding, by whatever means, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings which are undefended and which are
    not military objectives”.  NATO’s mandate to protect civilians under resolution 1973 cannot be interpreted so
    as to condone NATO’s own bombing of Libyan cities as a legitimate military objective. NATO’s bombings of
    Libyan cities are therefore war crimes.

    The motives of the primary NATO countries have also been made clear. At the very beginning, a central bank
    for Libya was established outside the country, to replace the Libyan government-owned Central Bank.  Libyan
    government assets were frozen, enabling western governments to then dispose of them in accordance with
    their own interests. The oil companies of France, Britain, the United States and Italy are openly squabbling
    over the spoils of war, seeking greater reward from Libyan oil than the then-existing government had been
    willing to permit.  .  
    State must act to prevent the UN from being rendered dysfunctional through its use by belligerent states to
    legitimize aggression.  

    The struggle in Libya portends a struggle to control not just the vast wealth of Libya, but the African continent
    itself, depriving it of the right to self-determination and to development.  IHRAAM calls upon states parties to
    refuse to renew the NATO mandate.
An international NGO in consultative status with the United Nations
The UN Human Rights Council
IHRAAM participates in the HRC's
scrutinizing state behavior in
relation to their legal human
rights obligations as signatories
to the international human rights
Inter-American Commission
on Human Rights (IACHR)
See left.
The UN Permanent Forum
on Indigenous Issues (PFII)