Clark Atlanta University
President Carlton E. Brown

Listen to his Welcome
"We’re very pleased to see that there is a belief that it is time to take a
new look at our HBCUs.  You have all read and heard the dire
predictions that it won’t be long before they’re all gone.   You’ve also
heard the prediction that there will absolutely be fewer of us in a few
years time.  The business propositions that are existing in higher
education now are making it nearly impossible for many institutions to
survive... "
Diana Collier Kly

Read her Welcoming
"..So this idea of the relatedness of a collective identity, of achieving
equality in socio-economic development, and the need for control of
institutions, laws and public policies that make that possible – this is where
the 3-decades-long effort and understandings of our organization, IHRAAM,
converge and coincide with the objectives of those of you who have come
here, today:  lovers of HBCUs..."
Dr. W. Neal Holmes
Department of
Political Science
Virginia State University
Richmond, Virginia
"From their inception, HBCU’s have been important  centers within an
interactive and mutually reinforcing local, regional, national and international
economic and social network. This network included not only colleges, but
also the so-called “segregated schools, and satellite organizations serving
farmers, youth, skilled and unskilled workers, newspapers, business,
professional and civic organizations. This dense network of organized life
was what Booker T. Washington was referring to in 1907, when he stated that,
“We are a nation within a nation.” The survival and success of the HBCU
requires the rebuilding of this network. This paper will provide an overview
of this national network, examine what happened to it and will provide
suggestions for its reconstitution."
Professor John Brittain
Davis College of Law
University of DC
Washington, DC
"Notwithstanding over a half century of desegregation and integration
efforts in education, the law has least affected historically Black colleges and
universities (HBCUs) in contrast with elementary and secondary schools.  
Civil rights organizations, as well as federal and state governments, have
expended a smaller percentage of resources to integrate HBCUs and
provide them with the competitiveness comparable to the state flagship
institutions and other TWIs.  As a result, nearly all state funded HBCUs remain
today, over fifty years after the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case,
highly racially unbalanced, unequal in educational programs and far inferior
in capital infrastructure consisting of buildings and grounds compared to
their TWI counterparts.  In addition, numerous examples persist in the
duplication of educational programs where TWIs create degree programs in
the same geographic area of preexisting programs offered by HBCUs.  The
Supreme Court has ruled in a case entitled,
Ayers and U.S. v. Fordice, that
such duplication of educational programs perpetuates racial segregation in
violations of the law."
Dr. Armenta Hinton
Susquehanna University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
"Some HBCUs in the 21st century face crumbling infrastructures, under-
resourced libraries, and under-funded faculty positions, all of which prevent
further research are some of the challenges faced by these institutions as a
result of a century of inequities.
Fordice’s attempts to remedy these former
inequities through desegregation have become problematic for some
institutions. Desegregation guidelines and legislation influencing
institutional changes are attached to resources for recruitment of other race
students. HBCUs face specific issues in relation to a dilution of culture and
racial identity, which can be intractable resistors to change."
Deborah Jackson, J.D., Ph.D.
City of Lithonia
"The City of Lithonia's experience with Clark Atlanta  University is a testament
to the importance of strengthening support for HBCUs. The HBCUs represent
an invaluable resource to the community.  There needs to be a concerted
effort tobuild relationships between the HBCUs and local communities if they
are not in place.  The Lithonia example demonstrates that the role of the
HBCU in contributing to the community it not limited to communities
immediately surrounding the school.  Elected officials of local communities
also have a responsibility to reach out to work with the HCBUs in their area..."
Dr. Farid I. Muhammad
Member, IHRAAM
Professor Emeritus
East West University
Chicago, Illinois
"Do African-Americans see themselves as a unique "people", and wish to
continue as such? Where's the evidence to support or refute such a legally
critical question? IHRAAM continues to be in the vanguard of helping
provide the substantive research and evidence-based support that is
required in legal arguments put forth in a variety of international human
rights venues. IHRAAM will continue to employ a variety of strategies in
helping build socio-legal support for the continued empowerment of our
nation's HBCUs"
Dr. Jahi Issa
Professor Africana Studies
Delaware State University
Rhode Island, Delaware
"This presentation centers around the Ethnic Cleansing of HBCUs under
President Obama. Using the prophesy that W.E.B DuBois made more than 50
years ago , I will seek to show that HBCUs are in danger of becoming extinct
and that African Americans over the next 10 years will be taught under
severe and displeasing conditions in which their culture will not be taught,
while African American faculty will become fewer and fewer on HBCU
Dr. John Waddell
Past President, 4 HBCUs
Former Member,
White House Initiative
for HBCUs
"Historically Black Colleges and Universities have played a significant role in
the contributions of millions of African-Americans to the U.S.  economy.
Bright students and highly credentialed faculty remain a gold mine of
productivity and opportunity for their communities.  Yet, their survival is at
risk. The old budget model based upon tuition and government funding is no
longer sustainable. With their bright students and highly credentialed faculty,
HBCUs must step outside of their walls, collaborate and implement an
expanded model of resource acquisition which engages business and  
political leaders at the nexus of economic development and research
opportunities within their communities …"…
Carl Johnson
Carl Johnson Associates
“Asking our Supporters – Decades ago, alumni, Board members, foundations,
corporations and private donors knew the importance of giving until
scholarship, deferred maintenance, technological and operational needs
were met. This was recognized as an on-going objective. Corporate and
foundation chief executive officers sat on boards and understood their
financial obligation to give, get, or get off of the Board.  A college or
University seat represented a serious financial commitment. Non-donors or
those without the capacity to give or obtain funding need not apply.  Is this
true today?"   
Dr. Irving Smith
Coppin State University
Baltimore, MD.
"There is a very strong belief by students, faculty, and staff on college
campuses that college athletes are placed in majors that are “undemanding”
and that they are placed in courses that are “dumbed down” and easy.  Stone
suggests that college athletes at HBCUs are especially stigmatized and
honestly believe the “dumb jock” label is applied to them even more so than
to white college athletes. Stone cites research conducted in the 1960s in
which it was revealed that these labels can result in negative relationships
between college athletes and professors and impair the college athlete’s
ability to perform well in the classroom setting. Stone suggests that these
types of behaviors toward college athletes are very much reminiscent of the
“stereotype threat.”
Dr. Mustafa Ansari
American Institute of Human
"A myriad of United Nation Conventions, Declarations, and Resolutions,
establish that African Americans are entitled to a far more effective remedy
for injures suffered by slavery and apartheid discrimination than afforded by
the laws and regulations of the United States."

HBCUs and African American Self-determination



How Black Colleges Are Turning White:  The Ethnic
Cleansing of HBCUs in the Age of Obama

On HBCUs, White House Moves From Disregard to

HBCUs Must Fight Back Against Disastrous Loan Policies  

Statement of Lezli Baskerville, Esquire, President & CEO,
National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher
Education (NAFEO) Before United States Senate Briefing
“Closing the Wealth Gap Through the African American
Entrepreneurial Ecosystem”

Barack Obama and the $300 million dollar war on HBCUs

CBC Chair and HBCU Community Leaders Respond to
Department of Education's Refusal to Reverse Changes to
Parent PLUS Loan Eligibility Criteria

The Ethnic Cleansing of Historically Black Colleges &
Universities in the Age of Obama,

IHRAAM 2012 Chicago Conference Home Page
From Civil Rights to Human Rights and Self-determination?

Chicago Conference Book
link to pdf of poster.  Feel free to post
online or print out and post
click here for PDF of Seminar
Seminar, held in the Cole Auditorium, Clark Atlanta University, on July 11, 2014.
Bust of W.E.B. DuBois
Clark Atlanta University
Iota Phi Theta
Fraternity, Inc.,
100 Black Men of
Prior to the engulfment of independent African communities in North
America by what was to become the United States, free Africans formed
their own network of schools in southern areas outside the 13 colonies.
During the US apartheid period, HBCUs served the educational needs
of the African American people, though they were never fully under
African American control nor fully equal, despite the slogan of
“Separate but Equal” used to justify the maintain the post-slavery
separation of African and European Americans.

Today, HBCUs represent about 3% of colleges in the U.S. but enroll
12% of all students who identify as black or African American.  They
produce 23% of all African American college graduates. Remarkably,
this small group of colleges confers 40% of STEM and 60% of
engineering degrees earned by African American students. They also
educate half of the country’s African American teachers and 40% of all
African American health professionals.   

Despite this, they remain unequally resourced. Judicial rulings
addressing this fact seek remedy by imposing “racial balance” as a
funding requirement, a measure that may challenge the definition of
these institutions as African American. At the same time, the student
Parent PLUS loan program has disproportionately impacted Black
students, leading to a sinking enrollment and the closing of black
colleges. That along with the recent Supreme Court Michigan ruling
banning race-based preferences seem to be putting paid to any federal
initiative to advance African American education.

HBCUs have the potential to be a key factor facilitating African
American self-determination within the United States. They are already
a recognized entitlement, as well as a demonstration of the historical
institutional existence of African Americans as a people.  They cross all
local and state boundaries without conflicting with these legal
jurisdictions, and serve as a primary instance of how it is possible to
institutionalize non-territorial minority rights in America whereby African
Americans can collectively enjoy rule-making powers and policy
development directed towards their own unique needs.

HBCUs, was held at historic Clark Atlanta University on July 11, 2014,
to address the dilemma.